Clínia de Periodòncia i Cirurgia d'Implants. Dra. Jorgina Estany

Patients

What is periodontal disease? 

It is a disease of infectious origin caused by the accumulation of bacteria on tooth surfaces and which starts as an inflammation of the gums (gingivitis). As it progresses it leads to the destruction of the attachment fibres and the bone supporting the teeth (periodontitis).

The most frequent symptoms are: inflammation and bleeding of the gums, loose teeth, a bad taste in the mouth or bad breath, sensitivity to cold, longer and more exposed teeth, black spaces between teeth and, on occasion, pain and discharge.

What are dental plaque and calculus?

Dental plaque is an accumulation of various types of bacteria, glycoproteins and other substances that originate in saliva. During the day, plaque forms around the teeth and, if not brushed properly they start to calcify. In a few days dental calculus or tartar forms, which may continue to gather more and more plaque and thus increase in thickness. The bacteria present in the dental plaque then start to attack the gums.

What is peri-implant mucositis?

This is an infection and inflammation of the mucous membrane around tooth implants which is not accompanied by loss of the bone around the implant. 

What is peri-implantitis?  

This is an infection and inflammation of the mucous membrane around tooth implants which is accompanied by bone loss around the implant.

What is halitosis?

Bad breath is a very unpleasant "rotten" odour reminiscent of rotting that emanates from the mouth, caused by, in most cases, to the fermenting in the mouth of proteins and food remains. These remains are found on the tongue, in the cavities, under artificial teeth or in the gum pockets produced as a result of periodontal disease.

Is there a treatment for halitosis?

The basic treatment halitosis consists of  improving oral hygiene and eliminating areas of retention for bacteria and remains of food, such as cavities, gum pockets, etc. It is important to consult with a dentist and undergo a detailed examination in order to dermine the causes and decide on the most appropriate treatment.

What is xerostomia, or "dry mouth"?

Dry mouth or xerostomia is the sensation of dryness in the mouth caused by a reduction in the flow of saliva resulting from a malfunction of the saliva glands.  This reduction of saliva may be due to various factors: a disorder of the saliva glands, systemic medicines, systemic diseases (diabetes, Parkinson's disease, etc.), Sjogren's syndrome, radiotherapy applied to the head and neck, stress, addiction to tobacco or alcohol, emotional disturbances, etc. 

 

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